The use of numerical simulations to improve the management of water distribution networks (WDNs) has dramatically increased in last decades. Nevertheless, modeling leakages is still a major uncertainty to face when setting up a model of a WDN. Because water losses increase at increasing the pressure, they are usually modeled by assuming a leakage node behaves like an emitter. Unfortunately, a definitive assessment of the leakage law exponent is yet lacking in the literature. Consequently, a field analysis was carried out on an existing WDN: (a) to assess whether the power law can effectively represent the relationship between leakage and pressure; (b) to calculate the value of the exponent. A three months measurement campaign was developed, aiming at assessing the dependence of the losses to the pressure. The analysis showed that the power law equation with an exponent around 0.7 can well represent the pressure-leakage relationship.
- power law exponent
- pressure-leakage relationship
- water distribution networks
- First received 4 February 2016.
- Accepted in revised form 28 September 2016.
- © IWA Publishing 2016