The Cryptosporidium oocyst is encased in a robust wall that is extremely resistant to detrimental environmental factors such as chlorine used to disinfect potable water. Therefore, extracting oocyst DNA is not a trivial undertaking. Standard procedures used to extract DNA from oocysts such as a freeze–thaw (F/T) method and a DNA purification kit are time-consuming and expensive and are difficult to implement in routine clinical practice. Therefore, we developed the surfactant extraction treatment (SET) that efficiently extracts DNA from the oocyst. Immunomagnetic separation (IMS) combined with quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) detects pathogenic microorganisms with high sensitivity. The objective of the present study was to evaluate SET for its ability to simplify qPCR detection of 18S rDNA directly from immunomagnetic bead-oocyst conjugates. DNA extracted directly from the conjugates using SET did not affect DNA amplification in qPCR assay. Further, the rate of DNA amplification using IMS-SET was greater than that using F/T combined with the DNA purification kit. The rate of recovery of oocysts from surface water samples spiked with oocysts did not differ significantly from previously published values. These data demonstrate that the new IMS-SET protocol using qPCR can simplify the recovery and detection of Cryptosporidium oocysts.
- Cryptosporidium DNA
- immunomagnetic beads
- real-time PCR
- surface water
- surfactant extraction treatment
- First received 20 April 2016.
- Accepted in revised form 19 July 2016.
- © IWA Publishing 2016