An iron and manganese species immobilization technology was developed in a fluidized bed reactor (FBR) with a new fluidized media, immobilized iron oxide (namely FeOx-30). The FeOx-30 catalyst exhibited excellent performance as a catalyst for the oxidation of Mn2 + . About 95% and 30% of the manganese species were immobilized on FeOx-30 and silica sand in FBR, respectively. The oxidation rates of Fe2 + and Mn2 + and the immobilization efficiencies of iron and manganese oxides strongly depend on pH value. Usually during oxidization the pH values of the solution containing Fe2 + must be above 7, and Mn2 + must be above 9. During this study, large amounts of iron species leached from the surface of FeOx-30 only when manganese was in the system. The surface of the FeOx-30 became fragile in a single system. However, the removal of iron and manganese species simultaneously was better than only the removal of manganese in an FBR. In the binary system, the optimum pH condition for immobilization of both iron and manganese species was pHi 9. The higher catalyst loading in the binary system led to a higher removal efficiency of iron and manganese.
- fluidized bed reactor
- © IWA Publishing 2009