An overview of the Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOP) studied for the degradation of pesticides combined with the formation of by-products is presented. It was found that the degree of conversion of pesticides is about the same with the Fenton process and UV/H2O2 within the margin of practical application, but slightly different with ozone/H2O2. Bentazone is readily degraded by the latter process, but more persistent during water treatment with the Fenton process and UV/H2O2, whilst atrazine is difficult to convert with all of these processes. Although bromate formation cannot be avoided completely with ozone/H2O2, it can be realized with the Fenton process and UV/H2O2. Upon degradation of pesticides with UV/H2O2 nitrite is produced, the amount depending on the water quality with respect to the nitrate concentration. Based on the a-selective nature of the hydroxyl radical AOC is formed out of DOC, which indicates that ozone/H2O2, the Fenton process as well as UV/H2O2 should be applicable for the development of biological GAC filtration.
- Fenton process
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