Microbially available phosphorus (MAP) is the labile phosphorus that is readily assimilated by microorganisms, which is linearly correlated to bacterial re-growth in drinking water in some regions. The conventional MAP bioassay for drinking water was originally developed by Markku based on the growth potential of Pseudomonas fluorescens P17 (P17). However, the bioassay bears some demerits, such as time-consuming and labor-intensive enumeration. For convenience, an alternative method based on a similar principle was developed to assess the content of MAP in drinking water, in which natural microbial consortium was used as inoculum instead of pure culture P17, cell number was counted using flow cytometry (FCM), and cultivation at 30 °C was adopted. Natural microbial consortium is able to efficiently utilize organic phosphorus and exhibit high sensitivity since more cells are produced per μg P utilized. FCM is a rapid method to count all bacteria growing in drinking water. With incubation temperature increasing up to 30 °C, there is a shorter test period (64 h), excellent sensitivity and better utilization efficiency for organic phosphorus. The results show that the developed bioassay is sensitive, time-saving and easily operated.
- drinking water
- flow cytometry
- microbially available phosphorus
- natural microbial consortium
- First received 20 August 2015.
- Accepted in revised form 2 March 2016.
- © IWA Publishing 2016