Water resources supply and demand has become a serious problem. Water resources allocation is usually a multi-objective problem, and has been of concern for many researchers. In the north of China, the lack of water resources in the Huai River Basin has handicapped the development of the economy, especially badly in the low-flow period. So it is necessary to study water resources allocation in this area. In this paper, a multi-objective dynamic water resources allocation model has been developed. The developed model took the overall satisfaction of water users in a time interval as the objective function, applied an improved simplex method to solve the calculation, considered the overall users' satisfaction variation with time, and followed the principle that the variation of the system satisfaction within adjacent periods of time must be minimal. The established model was then applied to the Huai River, for the present situation (2010), short-term (2020) and long-term (2030) planning timeframes. From the calculation results, the overall satisfaction in late May and mid September in 2030 was 0.65 and 0.70. After using the model allocation optimization, the overall satisfaction was improved, increasing to 0.78 and 0.79, respectively, thus achieving the dynamic balance optimization of water resources allocation in time and space. This model can provide useful decision support in water resources allocation, when it is used to alleviate water shortages occurring in the low-flow period.
- Huai River
- modified simplex method
- multi-objective dynamic optimization
- water resources allocation
- First received 19 December 2014.
- Accepted in revised form 16 March 2015.
- © IWA Publishing 2015