Understanding coagulation behaviour and treatability of waters impacted by algogenic organic matter (AOM) is important for waters with frequent algal blooms. Physico–chemical characteristics of AOM spiked into a water sample, before and after coagulation, were investigated using high-performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) with UV and fluorescence detection, three dimensional-fluorescence excitation emission matrix (3D-FEEM) measurement and resin fractionation in which three fractions were determined including very hydrophobic acid (VHA), slightly hydrophobic acid (SHA) and hydrophilic fractions. Release of AOM from algal cells with consequential increases in dissolved organic carbon and UV absorbance led to changes in 3D-FEEM spectra indicative of increased aromatic protein presence. Changes in disinfection by-product formation potential after the AOM spiking indicated possible interactions between natural organic matter and AOM. A study of the treatability of the AOM spiked water using two coagulants, alum and a polyaluminum composite coagulant, was conducted with the relative percentages of UV absorbance values of both the SHA and hydrophilic fractions higher in the post coagulated AOM spiked water than in the coagulated water, with corresponding reductions in the VHA proportion. It was found that the increased SHA and hydrophilic components in the AOM spiked natural water were recalcitrant to removal by both coagulants.
- algogenic organic matter (AOM)
- natural organic matter (NOM)
- resin fractionation
- First received 7 August 2014.
- Accepted in revised form 12 January 2015.
- © IWA Publishing 2015